The snoring, as a sound is a social problem more for others than for the person itself. However the snoring can be a messenger and one of the main symptoms of a serious disease – interruption of breathing during sleep, or in medical parlance – obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA).

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) — is a disease, characterized by snoring, periodic collapse of upper respiratory tracts at the pharynx level and ceasing of lung ventilation, decrease in the blood oxygen level, rough sleep breaking and excessive daytime sleepiness (Guilleminault С., 1978). Treatment of the sleep apnea refers to a somnologist.

Frequently, witnesses of this disease are wakeful relatives, who anxiously observe a sudden breaking of the snoring and a threatening stop of breathing, then the sleeping person snores and begins to breathe again. Sometimes up to Б00 breathing stops during a night can be noted. General duration of these breathing stops can amount up to 4 hours per night!!!


This condition can lead to both acute and chronic shortage of oxygen in blood, substantially increase the risk of development of such serious cardiovascular complications as:

·         Arterial hypertension;

·         Cardiac rhythm disorder;

·         Insult;

·         Myocardial infarction;

·         Sudden death during sleep.

People with breathing disorders during sleep have restless, superficial, non-refreshing sleep, sweatiness, frequent night urination, tiredness and headaches in the mornings, sharp daytime drowsiness, irritation, defective memory and attention, impotency.

If you note three or more of below listed symptoms:

·         Loud snoring

·         Indications on breathing stops during sleep

·         Restless, non-refreshing sleep

·         Frequent night urination

(> 2 times per night)

·         Rough breathing or asthma attack

·         Night sweatiness (especially in the head area)

·         Tiredness and headaches in the mornings

·         Troublesome  daytime drowsiness

Chronic fatigue

Increase in arterial pressure (primarily at night and morning hours)

·         Excessive body weight

·         Decrease in potency

then you probably suffer  from the disease of breathing stops during sleep or, in medical parlance – obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). In such case a somnologist must help you

In foreign and domestic literature, the “gold standard” for diagnostics of sleep disturbances is meant to be a polysomnography (long-term registration of a human physiological parameters during sleep).

Methods for diagnostics of breathing disorders during sleep

Computerized  pulseoxymetry — modern high-tech method for a screening diagnostics of the syndrome.

The most efficient treatment method for moderate and severe forms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is a СРАР-therapy —  continuous positive air pressure therapy. «СРАР» term is the abbreviation of English words Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Its essence is very easy. If the respiratory tract are “inflated” during sleep, it will prevent their collapse and eliminate the main mechanism of the disease development.

«People think, that success comes to those, who wake up early. No: success comes to those who wake up in a good mood». — Marsel Ashar.

When you see such equipment, you will ask: «And how one can sleep with this?» Really, it can cause deterioration of the sleep quality in a healthy person. But in case of a severe form of snoring and OSA accompanying with hundreds of breathing stops per night, and consequently with hundreds brain arousals, this may sound strange, but the person with the device sleeps better, than without it. Moreover, almost immediately the snoring and daytime drowsiness are eliminating,  and the general life quality is improving. To get an answer you should appeal to a somnologist.

How to make an appointment with the somnologist?

To make an appointment with the somnologist, please fill in the on-line form on the web-site and or call: +7 7172 57 78 23.

Somnologist of the NSMC — Pak Alexey Mikhailovich


Пак Алексей Михайлович

врач пульмонолог-сомнолог