The benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or prostate adenoma) is a benign enlargement of the prostate gland.
The causes of prostatic hyperplasia have not been established by science to date. At the same time, it is known that the factors influencing its increase are the age and level of the male sex hormone (testosterone). With age, the prostate gland becomes more sensitive to the level of the male sex hormone and grows faster. A family history of the disease (if there is a father, maybe a son) also increases the risk.
Most often prostate adenoma occurs in men after 45 years, at this age, active growth of the cells of the central part of the prostate gland begins. Increasing, the prostate compresses the urethra and partially blocks the outflow of urine.
Adenoma of the prostate gland is not always a health threat and is not associated with the development of prostate cancer. However, in the absence of the necessary timely treatment, the walls of the bladder become hyperextensive and, consequently, chronic renal failure may occur. Also, the process can lead to an acute retention of urination, when the adenoma completely overwhelms the urethra.
Prolonged unblooding of the bladder, hypothermia, malnutrition, alcohol intake are factors that can provoke acute urinary retention. At the same time, the qualified treatment of the disease at an early stage allows to restore normal urination and prevent disruption of the functioning of the genitourinary system..
Symptoms of prostate adenoma
Symptoms of prostate adenoma are:
- poor flow of urine;
- prolonged waiting before the beginning of urination;
- interruptions during urination;
- straining to void;
- frequent urination;
- desire to urinate at night;
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
Diagnosis of prostate adenoma
A complex of examinations is being carried out, including Transrectal Ultrasound of the prostate. It allows you to determine the size of the prostate and evaluate its structure. Ultrasonic examination of the bladder is also performed, which allows to determine the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination.
Treatment of prostate adenoma
The method of treatment of Prostatic Hyperplasia depends on the patient’s condition. Surgical intervention is recommended if the disease progresses with conservative treatment or the volume of residual urine left in the bladder after urination exceeds 50 ml.